A cardiac catheterization can check blood flow in the coronary arteries, check blood flow and blood pressure in the chambers of the heart, find out how well the heart valves work, and check for defects in the way the wall of the heart moves. In children, this test is used to check for heart problems that have been present since birth (congenital heart defect). – More information at Mayo Clinic
An echocardiogram (also called an echo) is a type of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are sent through a device called a transducer. The device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bounce off the different parts of your heart. These echoes are turned into moving pictures of your heart that can be seen on a video screen. – More information at Mayo Clinic
An electrophysiology (EP) study is a test that records the electrical activity and the electrical pathways of your heart. This test is used to help determine the cause of your heart rhythm disturbance and the best treatment for you. During the EP study, your doctor will safely reproduce your abnormal heart rhythm and then may give you different medications to see which one controls it best or to determine the best procedure or device to treat your heart rhythm. – More information at Mayo Clinic
Pacemakers & Defibrillators
The normal, healthy heart has its own pacemaker that regulates the rate at which the heart beats. However, some hearts don’t beat regularly. Often, a pacemaker device can correct the problem. A pacemaker is a small device that sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle to maintain a suitable heart rate and rhythm. A pacemaker may also be used to treat fainting spells (syncope), congestive heart failure, and, rarely, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. – More information at Mayo Clinic
Cardiac Stress Testing
A stress test can be used to test for heart disease. Stress tests are tests performed by a doctor and/or trained technician to determine the amount of stress that your heart can manage before developing either an abnormal rhythm or evidence of ischemia (not enough blood flow to the heart muscle). The most commonly performed stress test is the exercise stress test. – More information at Mayo Clinic
Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
In the normal heart, the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles) pump at the same time and in sync with the heart’s upper chambers (atria). When a person has heart failure, often the right and left ventricles do not pump together. And when the heart’s contractions become out of sync, the left ventricle is not able to pump enough blood to the body.
This eventually leads to an increase in heart failure symptoms, such as shortness of breath, dry cough, swelling in the ankles or legs, weight gain, increased urination, fatigue, or rapid or irregular heartbeat. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), also called biventricular pacing, uses a special kind of pacemaker, called a biventricular pacemaker, designed to help the ventricles contract more normally. – More information at Mayo Clinic
Head-Up Tilt Table Testing
The head-up tilt table test is a way to find out the cause of fainting spells (syncope). It measures the difference in heart rate and blood pressure when standing up or lying down. The test involves lying on a stretcher and being tilted at different angles (30 to 60 degrees) for a period of time while your blood pressure, electrocardiogram, and your oxygen level are monitored. – More information at Mayo Clinic
Heart Failure Services
Comprehensive services to assess a patient’s cardiac condition. Non-invasive measurement of the fluid in the lungs.
Monitoring patients with arrhythmia or an irregular heartbeat in an outpatient setting.